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The way in which cats are fed is of great importance because it directly influences their health and longevity. But how to make the right choice and find what is best for our cat, both in terms of taste and health? And once your choice is stopped on a type of diet, what are the serving portions and meal times to favour?

A cat is more difficult to feed than a dog. If a cat does not find what he wants, he can develop behavioral problems. The sense of taste of cats is strongly related to the smell and the temperature of the food. The cat will detect four flavours, such as salty, bitter, sweet and acid. If the food is not completely fresh, your cat could lift their nose and not want to touch it. Same for their water, it must changed 2 to 3 times a day. A good feline diet is developed according to their specific nutritional needs. It is usually found in dry meat form, such as small croquettes, or wet, in the form of patties in tin cans.

Homemade food

There are a multitude of recipes adapted for the nutritional needs of your cat. They consist in cooking a mixture of vegetables, starches (carbohydrates) and cooked meat. You have to pay special attention because, although it can be balanced when you put the effort into it, this type of diet is very restrictive for you because you really have to "calculate" and cook the portions daily. Moreover, after having tasted your homemade food, your kitty will surely no longer want to see let alone eat any industrial croquettes and you will have to take this into consideration when traveling or while on vacation. If you have time and would like to prepare meals for your cat, please contact us. There is a range of recipes tailored to your pet's needs. Since cats are almost exclusively carnivorous, 65% raw meat, 10% vegetables, 25% cereals and 10% various nutrients are needed. For a multi-cats home, the diet needs to be balanced for each individual cat, so different recipes for every cat.

Veterinary diets including croquettes and canned food

Like the vast majority of veterinarians, we recommend that you choose a food specially developed by animal nutrition specialists: this is the type of food that can be purchased in our veterinary boutiques. This type of food is designed by taking into account all the nutritional needs of your pets and their life stages. The food is developed by specialists in the animal nutrition field and will pass a variety of quality tests before being put on the market. In addition, our dedicated staff will advise and guide your choice while keeping in mind your pet’s medical history.

What should you avoid?

We regularly hear the famous phrase: Yes, but I do not want him to get bored with his food?! Be careful, you must avoid changing your cat’s diet too regularly. Even if you find it monotonous, your cat likes it, and his body is used to it. With sudden diet changes, your cat's digestive system could be a little irritated and thus cause him diarrhea or vomiting. Unlike dogs, cats are carnivores. Their needs for animal based nutrients (mostly proteins) are much higher. Various foods are similar but not identical. Feline diets include an important element, taurine which is an essential amino acid. Cats produce very little taurine, so they have to eat it in their daily diet. Otherwise, cats can develop serious health problems such as heart disease. In comparison, dog diets contain little or no taurine. It is therefore important to not to feed your cat any dog food.

To conclude, the list of foods to avoid for cats is long enough, but worth a look. You cat should have no sugar or food that is too salty, such as canned tuna. Avoid garlic, onions, avocado, olives, grapes because they are toxic in dogs and cats and can cause serious health problems. Bread and all types of pastries are also to be avoided. Just like ice cream, yogurt, chocolate and caffeine. You shouldn’t give your cat sweets or fatty treats, he could become obese which would make them more prone to develop diseases. For more information, please read our blog article: Common foods that are toxic to your cats and dogs.

If you follow the basic rules to provide a good balanced diet to your pet, this will promote its growth and will ensure better health to your best companion!

To get more information and advice on your cat's nutrition, contact the Victoria Veterinary Hospital experts today!